Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal abnormality in females where they tend to produce more male hormones. Women affected with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome produce more male testosterone over progesterone, which leads to women having more irregular ovulation cycles or lack of ovulation completely.
Is the risk of infertility higher for women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?
Yes, women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are more likely to have infertility issues because of ovulation issues. Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome will produce no eggs because they do not ovulate or the lack of regular ovulation cycles will cause egg production to be reduced significantly.
What are symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome symptoms include the increased risk of diabetes, weight gain, and hair growth.
What is the diagnosis for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) and infertility?
The diagnosis of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome include a combination of the following treatments:
- Ultrasound diagnosis
- Hormone test to find abnormalities and diagnose increased testosterone level
- Individualized infertility treatment based on each patient’s medical history
What are fertility medications used to treat Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) and infertility?
Ovulation induction is enhanced with the fertility drugs called, Clomid or Femara (Letrozole). Additionally, Metformin is also given as a fertility drug to treat diabetes and help regulate menstrual cycles, start ovulation, and lower the risk of miscarriage for women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).
Women who do not ovulate at all with should consider In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) as a treatment option. If a women has irregular ovulation cycles a combination of fertility drugs, timed intercourse, and Intrauterine Insemination (artificial insemination) should be considered as treatment.